Genealogy of the Carty Family (version September 14, 2019)
Please email corrections to Mike Clark
James Carty (McCarty) (c.1782-1859), whose ancestors may have come from Cork County, Ireland, was born about 1782 somewhere in Ireland. His father's name is given in at least one vital record as John Carty. James married Elizabeth "Lizzie" Neal (b. c.1780), the daughter of Tudy (Thomas?) Neal, in Ireland and immigrated with her, and three sons, to North America. Other friends and family may have made the voyage with them, but if they did, we know nothing of them.
The family probably arrived in the U.S. in 1821 or 1822, which is much earlier than most Irish immigrants. They likely came first to Canada, as the Irish in those days were still subjects of the British Crown, which made Canada an easier point of entry than coming directly to the States. They then would have sailed down the Great Lakes to Lake Champlin and the U.S. port of Burlington, Vermont. Because of this easy access, Burlington in the 1820s supported what was then probably the largest Irish population in the United States. The Cartys subsequently settled in the town of Essex, which is located a few miles east of Burlington
Many Irish immigrants changed their surnames when they entered the United States, and there is some evidence that James Carty's last name in Ireland was either O'Carty or McCarthy, If so, the family may have americanized their name to Carty (Cartey, Carthy) when they arrived here. Likewise, Lizzie Neal Carty's maiden name in Ireland may have been O'Neil. Indeed, it is known that some members of James Carty's family at times either used, or were assigned the last name McCarthy. However, there are other ideas on this also. Some thoughts on the origin of the Carty surname are covered in Appendix 1.
The first mention we know of for James Carty is from the June 28, 1822 issue of the Sentinel and Democrat newspaper, which includes him in a "List of Letters remaining in the Post-Office at Burlington on the 1st day of July A.D. 1822." James must have resided then in the town of Williston (Chittenden County), as on Dec. 4, 1822 the record books for the neighboring town of Essex show that "James Carty of Williston" bought "Thirty Seven acres off of the southeasterly end of lot No. fifty seven" from John Collins for the sum of $150. This lot was either on or near Indian Creek. James acquired quite a bit more acreage along and near the creek over the next several years, selling off some lots, and retaining others. The next mention of him is in the 1830 U.S. Census, which shows James as head of a household of five in Essex that includes James, an older woman, and three younger men. Then James in 1836 became a U.S. Citizen, and his original naturalization papers from the Chittenden County courthouse are still in possession of the family.
James and Lizzie on July 7, 1857, in a series of three deeds, sold to their youngest son Patrick most of their remaining assets. Because both signed their names with the mark of an X on these deeds, we can surmise that James and Lizzie could neither read nor write. This sale included two lots totaling 35 acres that they sold to Patrick outright, and a 1/3 interest in their other properties. They then leased out to him the 2/3 interest they retained in exchange for an agreement that Patrick would take care of them in their final years. Lizzie died a few months later on Oct. 30, 1857 in Essex, probably at home, and James died there on Feb. 9, 1859, less than two years later. Both are buried in Saint Joseph Cemetery, which in those days was the cemetery associated with the old St. Marys Catholic Church in Burlington.
Highlighted in yellow on an 1857 map that is shown above and right is a cluster of three farms that were once owned by the Carty family. These were located in the Essex Township of Chittenden County on what today is called Lost Nation Road. Because James Carty in 1857 signed over and/or leased out to his youngest son Patrick any lands that he still owned, the site labeled P. Carty on the northeast side of the road is probably at or near the 1822 lot that James first purchased. A second farm labeled J. Carty across the street on the southwest side is probably where the middle son John Carty had his farm, and the oldest son Thomas likely had the T. Carty farm that is shown a few hundred feet up the road to the northwest of the other two. The 1840 and 1850 census returns for Essex also show these families residing on adjacent farms. The size of the James Carty farm fluctuated over the years as lots were bought and sold, but it would appear when his farm was combined in 1857 with lots that his Patrick had bought on his own, the resulting farm was anywhere from 190 to 230 acres, with another 100 acres or so on adjacent farms owned by Thomas and John Carty.
The connection of the Cartys to St. Marys of Burlington bears mention. This church was founded by Father Jeremiah O'Callaghan (1780-1861), who came from Cork County, Ireland in 1823 to the U.S. and was assigned in 1830 by the Bishop of Boston to Burlington. O'Callaghan thus became both the first resident Catholic priest in Vermont, and its first Catholic missionary. Likewise, St. Marys was the first Catholic church in the state, and eventually became the cathedral for the new diocese of Burlington. O'Callaghans's congregation was overwhelimingly Irish, and his flock came from all corners of the state. Even though Burlington was a long wagon ride of several miles, and on the other side of the Winooski River from the Carty farms in Essex, the Carty sons were married at St. Marys, their children baptized there, and when members of the family passed on, they were buried in the adjoining St. Joseph Cemetery.
children - McCARTY
Thomas McCarty (c.1803-1887) was born about 1803 in Ireland, and came with his parents and two brothers to the United States. He was probably named after his maternal grandfather Tudy Neal. He married Margaret Burke, who was Irish also, on Sept. 11, 1831 at St. Marys Church in Burlington, Vermont. Interestingly, he appears to have generally used the McCarty surname, whereas his brother Patrick went by Carty. He and Margaret settled on a farm in Essex, Vermont adjacent to his parents and his brothers John and Patrick, and here they raised several children. He bought 40 acres of land from his father on March 7, 1842 and another 22 acres on June 9, 1853, possibly in addition to a few other acres that he bought from others to give him a farm that at the time of his death was about 75 acres in size, all of which passed to his children when he died. Because most of this father's farm went to his younger brother Patrick Carty, we can speculate that Thomas and his father did not get along. Otherwise, it would seem that Thomas as the oldest son should have inherited most of his father's assets, but he did not. His wife Margaret died on Oct. 23, 1879 in Essex, and Thomas died on Nov. 29, 1887 in Essex also, most likely on the McCarty farm. They are buried under the names Thomas and Margaret McCarty at St. Joseph's Cemetery in Burlington (Murphy & Murphy, 2000, p. 143).
Thomas McCarty (1832-1905) was born in Essex, Vermont, and baptized on July 15, 1832 at St. Marys Cathedral in Burlington. He registered with his brother and three cousins on July 1, 1863 for the Civil War draft, and apparently was drafted, but subsequently discharged in Dec. of 1864 for an unknown reason. He is not listed by Butler (1866) as having served in the war. The fact that Thomas outlived his brother John, and appears to have have been responsible for the care of his three spinster sisters, leads us to speculate that this responsibility allowed him to avoid having to serve in the war. He subsequently lived out the rest of his life on his father's farm with his sisters. There is no evidence that he ever married or had children, and he died on Aug. 19, 1905 in Essex.
John McCarty (1833-1864?) was born in Essex, Vermont, and baptized on Nov. 10, 1833 at St. Marys Cathedral in Burlington. He then appears in the 1860 U.S. Census, and his next and final mention is when he registered with his brother and three cousins on July 1, 1863 for the Civil War draft. However, he apparently avoided service due to an unspecified "permanent disability" (Ref: Union Army enrollment records). Also, Butler (1866) does not list him among those from the town of Essex who served in the war. Because John does not appear in the 1870 U.S. Census, he likely died at home during or shortly after the war, probably due to the disability that prevented him from having to serve. A possible death date is prior to Dec. of 1864, when his brother Thomas was discharged from the army for an unknown reason. However, this is not known for sure, and needs to be confirmed.
Elizabeth McCarty (1837-1923) was born in Essex, Vermont, and baptized on Dec 25, 1837 at St. Marys Cathedral in Burlington. She never married, and died on Feb. 21, 1923 in Essex, where she shared a house on the McCarty farm with her brother and two spinster sisters.
Mary A. McCarty (1839-1921) was born in Essex, Vermont, and baptized on Aug. 4, 1839 at St. Marys Cathedral in Burlington. She never married, and died on Feb. 12, 1921 in Essex, where she shared a house on the McCarty farm with her brother and two spinster sisters.
Honorah (Hannah) McCarty (1842-1915) was probably born on Jan. 6, 1842 in Essex, Vermont, and baptized on March 27, 1842 at St. Marys Cathedral in Burlington. However, her Vermont death certificate gives Jan. 6, 1845 as Honorah's birthdate, which contradicts her baptism record from St. Marys Cathedral. A likely explanation is that she was less than truthful about her age in later years, resulting in an erroneous birth date on her death record. She never married, and died on March 25, 1915 in Essex, where she shared a house on the McCarty farm with her brother and two spinster sisters.
Margaret McCarty (1845-1916) was born in Essex, Vermont, and baptized on April 27, 1845 at St. Marys Cathedral in Burlington. She married Civil War veteran Horace C. Blinn (1837-1905) in 1870 in Vermont, and they had one daughter, Mary (Minnie) Elizabeth Blinn (1868-1916). Margaret died on Feb. 3, 1916 in Essex, where she, her husband and daughter are buried in the Holy Family Cemetery. Her daughter Minnie married Edward Hurson (1865-1937), and they had several children. These children are the only known descendants of the James Carty family remaining in Vermont.
John Carty (b. c.1811?) is probably the middle son, but his birthdate is not certain. Irish custom usually assigned the name of the paternal grandfather to the first born son. However, what little evidence we have seems to indicate that Thomas was the first born. Little is known about John. He appears in his own household in the 1840 U.S. census, with what appears to be a family that includes a young girl under the age of 5 years, and he appears with his father and brothers in a land dispute heard in Oct. 1845 before the Vermont Superior Court. Also, he is almost certainly the farmer with land assets of $2000 listed as Carty Carty in his father's household in the 1850 census. He also appears from 1837 to 1853 in various land transactions, but a deed dated Jan. 7, 1852 is the last one in which he made a physical appearance at the land office, and actually signed his name. What became of him after that is unknown. It seems likely that he, and not his father James, is the actual father of the Maria Carty (c.1836-1850) listed below (after Partick Carty).
Maria Carty (c.1836-1850) is shown as a member of James and Lizzie Carty's household during the 1840 U.S. Census, and James and Lizzie are reported as Maria's parents on her death records, when she passed away on June 4, 1850 at the age of 14 years in Chittenden County. However, Lizzie's estimated age at the time of Maria's birth is 54, which makes it possible that Lizzie is Maria's mother, but unlikely. It is more reasonable that Maria is one of James and Lizzie's grandaughters, possibly the daughter of their son John. Unfortunately, there seems to be no baptism record for Maria from St. Marys of Burlington to confirm who her parents are, which is all the more reason to assume that she is not one of the daughters of Thomas or Patrick. Because James and Lizzie claimed her as their own daughter, we might guess further that she was illegitimate. She is buried in Saint Joseph Cemetery, where she shares the same tombstone with her probable grandparents James and Lizzie.
Patrick Carty (1812-1887), the son of James Carty (McCarty) and Lizzie Neal, was probably born McCarty, but later changed his surname to Carty. He was born on or near March 17, 1812 (based on his age at death) in Ireland, and immigrated as a boy with his parents, and his brothers Thomas (b. c.1803) and John (b. c.1811), perhaps around 1821 or 1822, to the United States to settle near Essex, Vermont. Because he was able as an adult to sign his name to documents, he appears to have received at least some sort of education, whereas his parents could not sign their names at all. He married an Irish girl named Mary A. Collier (1818-1891) on Dec. 18, 1836 at St. Marys Church in Burlington, and they raised a family of several children on their farm in Essex, which was located on the north side of what today is known as Lost Nation Road.
Another family who lived near the Cartys were the four sons of Linus (Linas) and Hannah Buell - Rufus, Alonzo, Harlan, and Hervey - who became related to the Cartys through Alonzo Buell's marriage to Patrick Carty's daughter Mary. Rufus T. Buell, the oldest of the Buell boys, followed the Gold Rush in 1853 to California, and he was followed over the next two decades by at least three of his brothers, and eventually all of the surviving children of Patrick and Mary Carty.
Patrick in March of 1837 began leasing plots of land from his father and his brother John. He also invested in an 8.75 acre plot located on the road that led east from the nearby village of Butlers Corners to Essex Centre. Included on this lot was a tavern house once owned by David Tyler that was one of two taverns in the village, the other being the Samuel Buell tavern on the road heading north to Pages Corners. The village back in the 1820 was a popular stopping place for travelers, but most by the 1830s chose stay in Essex Centre. Patrick subdivided the lot, selling some parcels and leasing others. The tavern burned down on Feb. 2, 1839 in accident caused by a faulty stove pipe, but the building was said not to have been worth much, and Patrick received an insurance payment of $450 that more than likely covered the loss. He appears by 1849 to have sold off the last of his remaining parcels in the village.
An 1857 map shows the locations of the Carty farms in the Essex Township of Chittenden County. They sat near Indian Brook on a road that today is known as Lost Nation Road, about one mile north of where intersects with the Old Stage Road that runs north of the village of Butlers Corners. Most of Patrick Carty's farm includes the original farm of his father James, which was on the northeast side of the road. Patrick's brother John was just across the road on the southwest side, and their brother Thomas was up the road just a few hundred feet to the northwest. The original buildings are gone now, but the locations of the modern buildings, and the outlines of the fields likely correspond with the old ones.
Patrick on July 7, 1857 received an interest in all remaining properties owned by his parents in exchange for an agreement that he would take care of them in their final years. His mother Lizzie died a few months later on Oct. 30, 1857, and his father James died soon after on Feb. 9, 1859, at which point Patrick inherited everything. The fact that Patrick's brothers were not involved may indicate that the oldest son Thomas was at odds with his parents when they died, and that the next oldest son John may have been deceased. Patrick then took out a mortgage on the farm on June 18, 1862 from the Burlington Savings Bank. More mortgages followed, and the farm was in debt from then on.
Patrick and Mary Carty were still alive during the U.S. Census of 1880, which gives their last names as McCarty, and shows them living with sons Patrick and John Henry. Their neighbor and relative Thomas McCarty is listed as a widower. Also, a Chittenden County directory of 1882-1883 shows Patrick and Henry Patrick Carty as partners of a 200-acre dairy farm with 25 cows, and Thomas Carty with his son Thomas, Jr. on an adjacent 75-acre farm. Patrick died at the age of 75 years, 8 months and 17 days on Dec. 4, 1887 in Essex, just five days after the Nov. 30 death of his brother Thomas. Patrick is buried in the same plot as his parents in Saint Joseph Cemetery in Burlington, and he shares a tombstone with them.
Patrick's wife Mary survived her husband by several years, and came west in 1889 to California, possibly with her son John Henry. The Feb. 22, 1889 edition of the Burlington Weekly Free Press writes that, "Mrs. Patrick Carty has gone to California where she has children. Her son Patrick is the sole member of the family remaining in Essex." She had been born on or near Aug. 27, 1818 (based on her age at death) in Ireland. She died from "paralysis of the brain" at the age of 72 years and 8 months on April 27, 1891 in Santa Barbara, where she was buried on April 29th in Calvary Cemetery, hers being the 81st name in the burial register for the cemetery. Eventually four of her children were laid to rest next to her. Her daughters had her buried as Mary Carter, instead of Mary Carty, and changed her birthplace to Canada, instead of Ireland, an attempt to hide the fact that the family was Irish.
children - CARTY
James Carty (1837-1915) is the first-born son of Patrick Carty, and following Irish custom, he was named after his paternal grandfather. He was born on Nov. 28, 1837 in Essex, Vermont, and baptized on Dec. 24, 1837 at St. Marys Church in Burlington. He subsequently married an Irish girl named Elizabeth Bridgett ____________ (b. c.1843), but we do not know when when they married. However, it had to be sometime before July of 1863, as his registation papers for the Union Army draft during the Civil War list him as married and living in Colchester, Vermont. Yet even though James registered for the draft, he was not called upon to serve, probably because of his marriage. Later, the U.S. Census of 1870 shows James and Elizabeth living in Essex, where James is listed as a butcher, with him and Elizabeth employing his brother-in-law Hervey Buell, and another young man as farm laborers.
James evidently came west to California in the 1870s, as the U.S. Census of 1880 shows him living as a boarder in Petaluma, California, and working as horse trader. He is also shown as a widow, indicating that Elizabeth had died in the interim. However, we do not know if she died in Vermont or California, or somewhere between the two.
James then left Petaluma and sailed for some reason in 1882 to Honolulu, Hawaii, but family rumors suggest that he may have been in trouble for dealing in stolen horses and needed a fresh start. He subsequently met a native girl in Hawaii named Eliza Pemberton (b. Mar. 18, 1847), who had an English father (Jack Pemberton), Hawaiian mother (Ruth Kamehameha), and at least 10 children from her marriage on Jan. 1, 1861 to William George Woolsey (1830-1913). However, Eliza and William separated sometime after the birth of their last child in 1881, and she was living with James Carty by 1887 in Honolulu. Their daughter Marion Carty was born on Oct. 10, 1889 in Honolulu, while Eliza was still married to Woolsey. Eliza finally divorced Woolsey on April 19, 1890, and she and James married on Aug 29, 1891 in Honolulu.
An 1888 newspaper ad shows James working as a hack (carriage) driver, with hack stands in various parts of the city, and the Honolulu City directories of 1890 and 1892 show him with three to four employees. Husted's Directory of Honolulu for 1894 shows him still working as a hack driver, but an 1895 newspaper ad shows him as proprietor of the American Livery and Boarding Stables at the corner of Merchant and Richards Street in Honolulu, which was just a short distance from the Iolani Palace. He still appears as the owner of this stable as late as 1907. He shows up often often between 1888 and 1911 in the Honolulu newspapers, usually involved in one legal dispute or another. The last mention of him involves a dispute, beginning in October of 1911, with Sheriff William Jarett involving the ownership of five horses, with a claimed worth of $872, that James and another man had purchased from the Club Stables. Sheriff Jarrett apparently seized the horses to settle a debt or fine with the Club Stables, without any compensation to Carty. That dispute was later resolved on Oct. 1, 1912 in James' favor in the Supreme Court of the Territory of Hawaii (Carty v. Jarrett, 21 Haw. 310), with James receiving restitution of $850 from Jarett.
James' second wife Eliza died on Oct. 12, 1911 in Honolulu, right about the time that she and James apparently took out a mortgage on two lots in the Kaimuki Park housing tract in Honolulu. She is buried in the Woolsey family section of the Kawaiahao Manoa Cemetery, in the hills above Honolulu. James died on Dec. 23, 1915 at their Kaimuki house, and is buried with Eliza in the the Kawaiahao Manoa Cemetery, where his undated tombstone stands over both their graves. His death notice in the Honolulu-Star Bulletin calls him a "widower, mechanic, a native of the United States", but he was actually a stable owner whose establishment had converted over to the renting and repair of motor cars.
Marion (Mamie) Carty, the only child of James Carty and his Hawaiian wife Eliza, was born on Oct. 10, 1888 in Honolulu. She was known as Mamie. She married Henry Francis Aylett (1888-1932), who like herself was of Native Hawaiian ancestry, on Dec. 7, 1910 in Honolulu. They had two children - a son Francis Joseph Aylett (b. c.1911), who married a woman named Rose and was still living in 1974, and a daughter Eleanor Viola Aylett (1923-1984), who was married first to George Lee Kwai Jr (1921-1952), with whom she had five children, and second to Paul Kaukani (1921-1985), with whom she had another five children. Eleanor is buried with her second husband in the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific. Mamie's husband Henry, who was born on Feb. 3, 1888 in Honolulu, died in Honolulu on June 26, 1932, and is buried in Diamond Head Memorial Park. Marion died as Marion Aylett on July 24, 1980 in Waianae, Oahu, and she is buried in Mililani Memorial Park in Waipahu.
Unknown child (1838-1839) - There is a Vermont death record for an unnamed son of one Patrick McCarthy who died at the age of 1 year on Dec. 16, 1839 in Montpelier, Vermont. If this child's father is the same as the Patrick Carty of whom the present narrative concerns, then Patrick and his family may have lived in Montpelier prior to acquiring their farm in Essex. However, there is also evidence that there was a Carty family living in Montpelier at the time who were not related to the Cartys of nearby Essex.
Charles Carty (c. 1839-1909) was born in Essex, Vermont, and baptized on Feb. 24, 1839 at St. Marys Church in Burlington. He registered on July 1, 1863 for the Union Army draft during the Civil War, and was one of sixteen men from the town who were called to serve. However, only one of the sixteen was actually drafted. Some of them payed a commutation fee of $300 to avoid service, which was a lot of money in those days. The others, including Charles, avoided service by finding someone to take their place (Butler, 1866, p. 24-25). Charles' brother James (who was married), and his cousins Thomas and John had to register for the draft as well, but all of them ultimately avoided having to serve.
Charles came west when the war ended to California, where the U.S. Census of 1870 shows him, his brother Daniel, and their brother-in-law Harlan Buell (b. c.1843) working at a dairy in Santa Barbara County. Most likely, it was the dairy at Buellton that belonged to their relatives Rufus and Alonzo Buell. Charles' and Daniel's sister Mary had preceeded them to California, as she had come out in 1868 to marry Alonzo Buell in Salinas.
Charles then returned to Essex, where on July 1, 1874 he married Ellen J. O'Hara. Her parents, Batholomew and Liza O'Hara were Irish, the same as Charles's parents. Charles and Ellen's son Charles, Jr. was born in 1875 in Essex, and a Montpelier newspaper (Argus and Patriot, 5-2-1877) two years later reports that Charles and Ellen left Vermont for California on April 23, 1877 with a neighbor named Albert Wool. Then we find Charles and Ellen living in Petaluma during the 1880 U.S. Census, which lists his occupation as a stock (horse) dealer. This may have been a business that he conducted with his brother James, who was liivng in Petaluma at the time.
Charles with a partner named P. Cronin in 1883 purchased the Fashion Stable in Petaluma, and he is remembered as one of the town's pioneering stablemen. A few years later he and a partner whose identity we do not know opened a second Fashion Stable on 532 State Street in Santa Barabara. Charles subsequently bought out his Santa Barabara partner in 1892 and a few years later relinquished his interest in the Petaluma venture. He and Ellen eventually moved to Santa Barbara, and the 1902/03 city directory lists him and his brother Cornelius as liverymen at the Fashion Stable on State Street, with Charles and Ellen residing at 220 West Arrellaga Street. He and Ellen a few years later are shown at 20 East Sola Street.
Charles died on Aug. 11, 1909 in Santa Barbara, and his estate was settled in probate in the Santa Barbara County Courthouse (case file #7296), with his brother Henry Patrick Carty listed as a witness. Of note, several creditors had claims against his estate. He is buried in Santa Barbara in Calvary Cemetery, next to his mother. His wife Ellen remained in Santa Barbara for a few more years, supporting herself as a dressmaker. She died on April 15, 1927 in San Francisco, probably at the house of her son Robert Clarence Carty; and a grand funeral was held for her in Petaluma when her remains arrived in town for burial in the local Calvary Catholic Cemetery.
Charles and Ellen had at least three children, who follow.
Charles Carty (1875-1885) was born on May 20, 1875 in Essex, Vermont, and baptized on June 13, 1875 at St. Mary's Cathedral in Burlington. He came with his parents to California as a toddler, and died at the age of 9 on March 3, 1885 in Petaluma, where the family had settled. He is buried there with his mother in the Calvary Catholic Cemetery.
Elizabeth Veronica Carty (1878-1969) was born on June 8, 1878 in Petaluma, California, just after her parents move there. She was still single, and living with her brother Robert in San Francisco during the 1930 U.S. Census. She died on Nov. 1, 1969 in El Cerrito in the Los Angeles area, and is buried with mother and brother in the Carty family plot in Calvary Catholic Cemetery in Petaluma.
Robert Clarence Carty (1888-1948) was born Sept. 15, 1888 in Petaluma, California. He married Catherine Marie Bourcq (1886-1955), and moved to San Francisco, then later to Los Gatos, California. He died on Sept. 4, 1948 in Los Gatos, and he and Catherine are buried in Holy Cross Catholic Cemetery in Colma. They do not appear to have had any children.
John Carty (c.1840-1854) was born about 1840 in Essex, Vermont. There is no baptism record for him from St. Marys Church of Burlington. However, pages 51 and 52 of the baptismal record, covering Jan. 19 to May 15 of 1840, are missing, and it is likely that his record is one of these. He died in Essex on May 26, 1854 at the age of 14 years, and shares the same tombstone in Saint Joseph Cemetery with his father and grandparents.
Elizabeth "Betsy" Carty (1842-1894) was born in Essex, Vermont and baptized on March 27, 1842 at St, Marys Cathedral in Burlington. She is listed in the Vermont census returns as "Betsy", but she seems to have prefered the name "Lizzie" in her later years. She went west to California as a young woman, and we find her listed in the 1880 U.S. Census as "Lizzie Carter", and residing in San Francisco, where she was running a millinery (hat) shop.
Lizzie was 39-years old and very successful when she married San Francisco businessman Robert C. Clark on March 1, 1881 in the city. All that we know about her husband is that he owned the Danicheff Kid Glove factory on Grant Ave. and worked at times as a representative for the B. Blumenthal Company, which also made gloves. Lizzie continued running her hat shop under the name of Mrs. Robert C. Clark, and she was reported in the local newspapers to be the leading milliner in the city. Interestingly, she seems to have advertized "going out of business sales" thoughout the 1880s, even though at the same time she ran ads looking for new sales clerks for her shop. She was at the height of her success, when she and Robert in the latter part of 1888 moved into a new home that they either bought or built at 241 Castro Street, in the very heart of the city.
Lizzie became ill from cancer, and she was already in the process in 1891 of trying to sell off her hat inventory at reduced prices, when she was injured in a carriage accident that forced her to close her business. She died in San Francisco at the age of 52 on April 7, 1894 after a lengthy illness. She was subsequently buried in Holy Cross Cemetery in nearby Colma, where her tombstone is inscribed "Lizzie, beloved wife of Robert C. Clark. A native of Essex Center, Vt.". Her age is inscribed on the stone as 47 years, which shows that like many women of her time, she was less than truthful about her age.
Lizzie left an estate worth over $100,000, which is a bit less than $3MM in present day value. Although she supposedly drew up a will, it could not be found, so the estate went into probate, with her siblings suing her husband over the terms of the settlement. The case dragged on for several years, some delays resulting from lengthy business trips that Robert Clark kept making to the Montana mining town of Anaconda in the guise of his being an agent for the B. Blumenthal Company. A settlement was finally reached in 1900 when a judge ruled that most of Lizzie's estate would go to her husband, except for 4 properties in downtown San Francsco that were to be sold off, with 50% of the proceeds going to her husband, and the rest to her eight siblings. The value of these lots was put at $20,000, which meant each sibling got $1,250, or a little more than $35,000 in todays dollars.
Daniel Francis Carty (c.1843-1909) was born in Essex, Vermont, and baptized on Dec. 25, 1843 at St. Marys Church in Burlington. His middle name is known only from his marriage record to Margaret Doty, and does not appear on any other documents.
Daniel did not register on July 1, 1863 with his brothers and cousins for the Union Army draft during the Civil War, which indicates that he was under the age of 20 and therefore too young to serve. Interestingly, his name subsequently appears in the Union Army enrollment records for Vermont with an age of 18 years, which we know is younger than his actual age. Because he would have been over the age of 20 and therefore eligible to serve in 1864 and 1865, it is possible that he came west to California as early as the mid 1860s to avoid serving in the war. In any event, he appeared in California soon after the war, and we find him living in Santa Barbara and working in a dairy with his brother Charles in the 1870 U.S. Census. Later the 1880 census shows him living with another brother Cornelius, and the two of them working together as farmers in the La Patera area of Goleta, to the west of Santa Barbara.
Daniel married Margaret Doty (1858-1941) on April 30, 1883 in Santa Barbara County, and they had at least the two children listed below. However, Daniel and Margaret appear to have separated in later years. Daniel, like his brother Cornelius, sometimes went by the name of Carter, probably to avoid being identified as Irish. He appears to have generally been a farmer, and he did not enter the stable business, as did his brothers. Although he was living in Naples (Long Beach), California for a time in his later years, he appears to have died single on June 7, 1909 in Santa Barbara, as his estate was settled in probate in the Santa Barbara County courthouse (case file #7217), with his brother John Henry and sister-in-law Ellen, but not his wife Margaret, as witnesses to his death. He is buried in the Calvary Cemetery in Santa Barbara, where the cemetery records list him as Daniel Carter.
Margaret (Maggie) Carter (1884-1941) was born on Feb. 16, 1884 in Santa Barbara County. She married her first husband Albert Walter Arnold (1879-1940) on Nov. 8, 1908 in Santa Barbara County, but they must have separated for by 1915 he was married to someone else. She must have later married a man with the last name of Herbert, as she died as Marguerite Herbert on May 24, 1974 in Los Angeles County. It is not known if she had any children.
Ernest Eugene Carter (1889-1969) was born on July 17, 1889 in Santa Barbara County. He married Edith Marie Slade (1906-1966), probably about 1926, and they had one son, Kenneth Eugene Carter (1927-1996), before he and Marie appear to have separated. He died on Feb. 16, 1969 in Hacienda Heights, California, at which time he apparently was using 1895 for his birth date.
Henry Patrick Carty (1845-1925) was probably born Patrick Carty and later changed his name to Henry Patrick Carty. He follows:
Mary Carty (1847-1904) was born Dec. 5, 1847 in Essex, Vermont, and baptized Jan. 1, 1849 at St. Marys Church in Burlington. She came out west to California in the late 1860s where she married Alonzo Wilcox Buell (1836-1911) on Dec. 25, 1868 at the Buena Vista Ranch in Monterey County, which we think may have been in the area of modern Salinas. Alonzo was born on March 18, 1836 in Essex, Vermont, the same birthplace as Mary, and his parents and Mary's parents lived on neighboring farms less than a mile apart. Whether Mary traveled to California on her own to meet Alonzo, or whether he traveled back to Vermont and brought her out to be his bride is unknown.
Mary's husband Alonzo originally come to California with a wagon train in 1857 to join his older brother Rufus Thompson Buell (1827-1905), who had been there since 1853. The brothers in late 1867 purchased a one-fourth interest in the San Carlos de Jonata Rancho, in the Santa Ynez Valley, and started a ranch that eventually became the town of Buellton. When the brothers in 1872 dissolved their partnership, Rufus purchased the remaining interests in the rancho (26,000 acres total), and Alonzo purchased the El Capitan Rancho (4,444 acres) from the heirs of Capt. Jose Ortega.
Alonzo and Mary were very successful raising dairy cattle, sheep and horses, and they became quite wealthy. They held on to the El Capitan Ranch, which they called the Canada Corral Ranch, until 1889, when they sold it and moved to Santa Barara. There they built a three-story mansion on a lot covering two and three-fourths blocks of Milpas and Montecito Streets on the outskirts of the city, about five blocks south from the home of Mary's brother Henry Patrick Carty at Aliso and De La Guerra Streets. Alonzo around this time owned the Victoria livery stable in Santa Barbara, and it is possible that he was involved in partnerships with his in-laws the Carty brothers, who ran livery stables in various parts of the city.
Although Mary gave her maiden name in these later years as Carter, she was born Carty. Interestingly, her brothers Charles and Cornelius informally went by Carter as well at times, but their descendants all go by the name Carty. Mary died on Feb. 15, 1904, and is buried in Calvary Cemetery in Santa Barbara with a simple stone that is inscribed "Mother". Alonzo died Aug. 20, 1911 at the Montecito Hot Springs in Santa Barbara, and is buried next to Mary with a stone inscribed "Father". There is also a cenotaph for him in the Santa Barbara Cemetery erected by his children many years after his death, but Calvary is his actual burial place. Mary and Alonzo had several children, who are listed below.
Hanna Anna "Annie" Buell (1869–1882) was born Oct. 24, 1869, and died April 9, 1882, probably in or near Santa Barbara. She is buried as H. Buell in the Santa Barbara Cemetery with her sister Mary.
John C. Buell (1871-1877) was born May 4, 1871, and died March 17, 1877, probably in or near Santa Barbara. He is buried as J.C. Buell in the Santa Barbara Cemetery with his bother Daniel.
Mary Marion Buell (1873-1878) was born June 6, 1873, and died July 30, 1878, probably in or near Santa Barbara. She is buried as M.M. Buell in the Santa Barbara Cemetery with her sister Hanna.
Jennie Buell (1875–1970) married Albert Maulhardt on Jan 30, 1901 in Santa Barbara. Her second husband was Henry Ostler. She died on March 30, 1970 in Santa Barbara, and is buried in Santa Barbara Cemetery in a grave marked by a cenotaph with her father's name on it. However, her father is actually buried elsewhere.
Daniel Wilcox Buell (1877-1878) was born Nov. 18, 1877, and died on June 30, 1878, probably in or near Santa Barbara. He is buried as D.W. Buell in the Santa Barbara Cemetery with his bother John.
Elizabeth "Lizzie" Josephine Buell (1879–1946) died without issue on Feb. 27, 1946 in Santa Barbara. She lived with her sister Louise and Louise's husband in her parents Milpas Street house, and was known as "Aunt Liz". She is buried near her mother in the Calvary Cemetery in Santa Barbara.
Alonzo Vinson Buell (1881–1961) was born March 2, 1881, and married Thyra Louisa Higgins on Feb 18, 1909 in Carpinteria. Thyra, who been born June 26, 1884 in California, died first on Sept. 29, 1955 in Santa Barbara, and Alonzo died Sept 22, 1961 in Santa Barbara as well. Both are buried in Calvary Cemetery in unmarked graves next to Alonzo's parents.
Maybelle (Mable) Margaret Buell (1882–1974) married Wylie Cleveland Nielson on Feb. 6, 1907 in Santa Barbara. She died in Carmel on Aug. 10, 1974, and she and Wylie are buried near her mother in the Calvary Cemetery in Santa Barbara.
Helena "Lena" Buell (1884–?) was born about 1884 and appears in her parents household in the 1900 and 1910 census returns, as well as a 1914 city directory for Santa Barbara. After that we lose track of her completely, which indicates that she probably moved out of state.
Louise Buell (1887-1972) was probably born Feb. 12, 1887 (according to the 1900 and 1910 census records), but lied about her age in later years so that Feb. 12, 1890 appears as her birth date on her death records, and incorrectly appears as her birth date in most online genealogies. She married a Canadian named Nicholas James Tompkins (1883-1969), and they raised their family in Santa Barbara. She died on Dec. 10, 1972 in Santa Barbara, and is buried near her mother and husband in Calvery Cemetery in Santa Barbara.
Harold John Buell (1888-1978) was born April 26, 1888. He owned a ranch in Solvang, married Myrtle J. Edsell (1891-1985), and has descendants. He died on March 18, 1978 in Santa Ynez, California.
Alice Carty (1847-?) was born in May of 1847 in Essex, Vermont, and baptized Jan. 19, 1848 at St, Marys Church in Burlington. She must have died prior to the 1852 birth of her sister of the same name. Presumably she is buried in Saint Joseph Cemetery in Burlington, probably near her grandparents in a now unmarked grave, but we do not known any details.
Jane (Jennie) Carty (1849-1938) was born in Essex, Vermont, and baptized Dec. 25, 1849 at St. Marys Church in Burlington. She grew up in Essex, and married a Civil War Veteran named Rodger Ryan (1836-1899), who was much older than her. He was also a son of John Ryan (c.1805-1878) of the farm next to the Cartys, and who after his service in the war with the 1st Independent Battery, Wisconsin Light Artillery had gone on to California to look for gold. He came back to Vermont at some point in the 1870s and married Jennie. They then went to California, where we find them in Petaluma during the 1880 U.S. Census with a family of three children, and living close by to Jennie's brothers Jim and Charles Carty. Interestingly, Jennie by now had changed her maiden name to Cartier, and she and Rodger went by the last name of Rynes, no doubt to hide the fact that they were born Irish.
The Ryne family subsequently moved to San Jose, and eventually ended up San Francisco. Rodger died on April 22, 1899 in the city, and we next find Jennie and her two surviving sons - John Rodger Rynes (1877-1950) and Clarence Rynes (1883-1917) - living at 241 Castro Street in San Francsico, which is the house that Jennie's sister Lizzie Clark lived in at the time of her death. Her oldest son John married and had a son of his own, and Jennie moved with them in the 1920s to Portland, Oregon. Jennie lived to be 89 and died on June 24, 1938 in Portland, but she is buried with her husband Rodger in San Francisco National Cemetery, where Rodger's tombstone honors his Civil War service.
John Rodger Rynes (1877-1950) was born on Dec. 17, 1877 in Petaluma, California. He grew up in northern California, and married Adelle Smith (c.1890-1932) in 1914 in Sacramento. Both his wife and their only son predeceased him. He died on March 2, 1950 in Siskiyou County, but he is buried with his wife and son in Cypress Lawn Memorial Park in Colma. He and Adelle had one son - Roger Courtney Rynes (1916-1935), who died single.
Ernest F. Rynes (b. 1879) was born on Dec. 5, 1879 in Petaluma, California. He is listed in the 1880 U.S. census with his parents, but must have died sometime before May 1886, when his mother made a visit back home to Essex, Vermont with her two surviving sons John and Clarence.
Clarence Rynes (1883-1917) was born in Feb. 1883 in California, probably either in Petaluma or San Jose. He died at age 34 on April 28, 1917 in Fresno County, California. He is buried near his aunt Lizzie Clark as Charles C. Rynes in Holy Cross Catholic Cemetery in Colma.
Alice Carty (1852-1860) was born in April of 1852, possibly on April 20th, in Essex, Vermont. Although all of her brothers and sisters were baptized at St. Marys cathedral in Burlington, we have found no record for Alice. However, her older sister of the same name who probably died an infant was baptized. Perhaps the baptism of the older namesake was considered a proxy for the younger Alice? In any event, she died on Sept. 20, 1860, at the age of 8 years and 4 months, of injuries from a fall 19 months before. She shares the same tombstone in Saint Joseph Cemetery with her father and grandparents.
Cornelius Charles Carty (1860-1931) was born Nov. 23, 1860 in Essex, Vermont, and baptized on Jan. 20, 1861 as Cornelius Carty at St. Marys Cathedral in Burlington. The Argus and Patriot newspaper of Montpelier ran a story in 1867 telling how six-year old Cornelius survived a backwards fall down stairs that broke his arm so severe that the bone severed his arm muscles. He left Vermont as a teenager to join his brothers in California, and the U.S. Census of 1880 shows him working with his brother Daniel on a farm at La Patera, near Goleta in Santa Barbara County. He eventually settled in Santa Barbara where the 1888 city directory shows him working as a driver for American Steam Laundry.
Cornelius married Emma Maulhardt (b. 1868) in 1891 in Oxnard, in adjacent Ventura County, about the same time that he appears in the stable business with his brother Charles, who for a short time was owner of the Fashion Stables at 532 State Street. Later, Cornelius was a driver for Carty Bros (Henry Patrick and John Henry Carty) at the Potter Hotel Stables, and briefly he was proprietor of the Tally Ho Stables. The City Directory for 1902/03 shows his residence at 1211 Bath Street, and interestingly the same directory shows his last name as Carter, even though he was born Carty. His sister Mary was also giving her maiden name at this time as Carter, and his brothers Charles and Daniel at times went by the name Carter as well, which leads to speculation that they were trying to hide the fact that they were Irish.
Cornelius' wife Emma died May 26, 1909, and is buried in the Santa Clara Cemetery in Oxnard. Her sons after her death went to live in Oxnard with their German-born grandmother Doretta (Dorothea) Maulhardt, who pretty much raised them from that point on. Cornelius at some point moved to Orange County, probably to be near his son Adolph, where he appears to have generally lived in boarding houses and worked right up to the time of his death. He appears in later years to have tried to portray himself as being much younger than he actually was, probably to make it easier to get a job. He died on Sept. 16, 1931 in Anaheim, California, and is buried in the Carty family plot in Ivy Lawn Cemetery in Ventura, where his tombstone incorrectly shows 1875 as his birth date. He and Emma had two sons, who follow.
Adolph Jacob Carty (1894-1967) was born on Oct. 17, 1894, probably in or near Santa Barbara. He married Margaret Martha Friesen (b. March 23, 1895) on Dec. 1, 1916 in Los Angeles County, and they had a son named Richard Melton Carty, who was born on Jan. 3, 1923 in Los Angeles. Adolph died on March 1, 1967 in San Diego, California, and Margaret died there Feb. 29, 1980. Both are buried in the Santa Clara Cemetery in Oxnard. Richard died June 29, 1957 and is buried in the Ft. Rosecrans National Cemetery in San Diego.
Edwin Louis Carty (1897-1990) was born on Dec. 4, 1897 in Santa Barbara, California. Although his birth certificate gives his name as Carty, there is said to be a family bible that gives his name as Edwin Louis Carter. Nonetheless, from very early on he went by the last name of Carty. His mother Emma died in 1909 when he was 11-years old, and he moved to Ventura to live with his grandmother, Doretta Maulhardt. Apparently, he was known as "Nick" in his younger days, but preferred to be called "Ed" as he got older. He attended the University of California at Davis from 1917-1919, and on Dec. 23, 1919 married his High School sweetheart Doris Corrine McDonnell (b. Oct. 19, 1899). He took up farming, and made a fortune in real estate investments. Later, he was Mayor from 1944 to 1948 of the city of Oxnard, a Supervisor from 1952 to 1965 for Ventura County, and he served three times between 1939 and 1950 on the California State Fish and Game Commission, appointments that he received from then Gov. Earl Warren. He was in fact a close friend and hunting partner of Earl Warren, who following two terms as Governor of California went on to become Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. Although Warren was a Republican, Edwin was a Democrat, and narrowly lost the Ventura District Democratic nomination in 1954 for the U.S. Congress. A 1972-73 interview with Ed Carty is on file at the Bancroft Library of the University of California at Berkeley that focuses on his friendship with Earl Warren, and talks about some of their exploits hunting Big Game in Africa. Edwin's wife Doris died on March 4, 1987 in Ventura, and Ed died there on Nov. 8, 1990 from a heart attack. Both are buried in Ventura in the Ivy Lawn Cemetery. Edwin and Doris had five children.
Elizabeth Patricia "Pat" Carty (1920-2001) was born on July, 16 1920, probably in Oxnard in Ventura County. She married first Philip K. Maloney (1920-1973), and after his death she married Lambert B. Loucks (1918-2006) on Feb 13, 1975 in Ventura. Elizabeth had at least four children with Philip - Philip Patrick Maloney (b. Aug. 22, 1948), Michael Carty Maloney (b. Mar. 12, 1950), Kevin Robert Maloney (b. Feb. 7, 1952), and William John Maloney, the first three born in Ventura and William born in Boston. Pat died on Dec. 21, 2001 in Ventura, and she and both of her husbands are buried near her parents in Ivy Lawn Cemetery in Ventura.
Edwin Louis "Bud" Carty (1922-1944) was born on March 12, 1922, probably in Oxnard in Ventura County. He joined the Army Air Corp as a pilot during WWII and died on Jan. 3 1944 when the plane he was flying crashed on a training flight in the desert near Palm Springs. It is said that his mother's hair turned white overnight when she was given the news of his death. He is buried near his parents at Ivy Lawn Cemetery in Ventura.
Robert Charles Carty (1923-2006) was born on April 27, 1923, probably in Oxnard in Ventura County. He married Marie Lamb and has three children - Robert, Edward and Ann - who are listed below. Robert, Sr. was an art major in college at the University of California, Los Angeles, and he ultimately became an antique dealer. He died on Nov. 7, 2006 in Santa Barbara and was cremated, with his family holding on to the ashes.
Robert Charles "Robbie" Carty was born on Oct. 21, 1955 in Santa Barbara. He married Christia (Christianne) Engs (b. 1957) on May 8, 1982 in Los Angeles County, California, but they subsequently divorced, afterwhich she married Richard Dimitri (b. 1942). Robbie and Christia's son John Warner Carty, known as Jack, was born on Oct. 27, 1997, and later took his stepfahter's surname of Dimitri. Jack died on Aug. 17, 2017 at the age of only 19, and he is buried in Westwood Memorial Park. He was the only member of his generation in the Cornelius Carty branch of the family available to carry on the Carty surname.
Edward Lamb Carty and Anne M. Carty were both born on July 12, 1957 in Alameda, and they run Carty and Carty Antiques in Montecito, California. They never married.
Douglas McDonnell Carty (1927-2003) was born on March 25, 1927, probably in Oxnard in Ventura County; and married Catherine Eugenia Glaab. His two sons are Edwin Lewis "Nick" Carty, and Douglas McDonnell Carty, Jr., who has daughters Stephanie and Madelaine. Douglas, Sr. died on Sept. 6, 2003 in Oxnard and is buried in Ventura in the Ivy Lawn Cemetery.
Roderick James Carty (1934-2013) was born on Oct. 30, 1934 in Oxnard. He studied geology at the University of Santa Barbara, and served from 1957 to 1959 in the U.S. Army before going to work in his father's company Edwin L. Carty and Sons Real Estate. He married Clare Friel and lived in Ventura, where he ultimately retired. He died of a heart attack on May 19, 2013 and is buried there at Ivy Lawn Cemetery. He and Clare did not children.
John Henry Carty (1864-1941) was born on July 26, 1864 in Essex, Vermont, and baptized on Oct. 13, 1863 at St. Marys Cathedral in Burlington. He left Vermont on Nov. 13, 1888 and came to Santa Barbara, California, where all but one of his siblings now resided. Then, his mother Mary Carty (neé Collier) by February of 1889 joined him in Santa Barbara also. This left John's brother Henry Patrick Carty as the only member of the family reamaining in Vermont, But Henry Patrick within the next couple of years also made the move to Santa Barbara.
John Henry and Henry Patrick at some point became co-owners of the IXL stables in Santa Barabara, which they operated from 1893 or earlier until November of 1904 when they temporally moved their their operation to the Fashion Stables that their brothers Charles and Cornelius ran. Then on Dec. 23, 1904 they opened business at the Potter Hotel Stables on the corner of Chapala and Montecito Streets, where they rented out and worked on horses, carriages and motor cars. They were in business here until 1911 when Henry Patrick appears to have given up the lease and retired, and John Henry subsequently moved Los Angeles. However, he re-established a business presence in Santa Barabara on November 19, 1914 when he purchased the Victoria and Olympic Stables from Sam Stanwood, John Henry's brother-in-law Alonzo Buell at one time having owned an interest in the Victoria Stables.
John Henry married Amelia Klett (b. Oct. 22, 1869) on April 18, 1894 in Santa Barbara, California, and they took up residence at 218 East Haley Street. He and Amelia subsequently moved sometime between 1911 and 1914 to Los Angeles, after giving up the lease to the Potter Hotel Stables. Then he and his brother Henry Patrick were raising stock at a ranch in Madera County during the 1920 census, probably until 1925 when Henry Patrick passed away, afterwhich John Henry appears to have returned to Los Angeles and dealt in Real Estate. He died on Sept. 11, 1941 in Los Angeles, and Amelia died there on Oct. 19, 1946. Both are buried in the Holy Cross Cemetery in Los Angeles. They had the one son who follows.
Jack Eslee Carty (1895-1964) was born James Klett Carty on April 26, 1895 in Santa Barbara, California, but later changed his name to Jack Eslee Carty. He married Grace Clingman (1901-1994) on Sept, 13, 1921 in Los Angeles County, and they had one daughter Mary Ann Carty (1922-1990). Jack died on May 25, 1964 in Los Angeles County, and he is buried there in Holy Cross Cemetery, next to his parents. Grace, who had been born May 21, 1901 in Michigan, moved back to Michigan after Jack's passing, and died on Oct. 7, 1994 in Grand Rapids, where she is buried in the Clingman family plot in Dutton Cememtery in the town of Dutton. Jack and Grace's daughter Mary Ann was born on Aug. 27, 1922 in Los Angeles, married Fred Keller on Aug. 17, 1945 at Fort Lewis, Washington, and died on Feb. 8, 1990 in Santa Barbara.
Left Photo: James Carty siting in a carriage in Hawaii probably about the mid 1890s. His second wife Eliza is standing
on his right, and daughter Marian may be the little girl between them. Right Photo: John Henry, Cornelius and Henry
Patrick Carty sometime between 1902 and 1909 standing in front of the Potter Hotel Stables in Santa Barbara.
Henry Patrick Carty (1845-1925), the son of Patrick Carty and Mary Collier, was born Patrick Carty on November 6, 1845 in Essex, Chittenden County, Vermont, and baptized as Patrick Carty on Dec. 25 at St. Marys Church in Burlington. He appears in the Carty household in the U.S. Census of 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880 as Patrick, and it is not until 1882, in a Chittenden County Directory, that he appears as Henry Patrick. However, from that point on, he only appears in the records as Henry Patrick Carty, and frequently as Henry P. Carty.
Besides the slight change to his name, Henry Patrick at some point began giving 1848 as his birthdate. A possible reason for this is that Civil War began as Patrick approached adulthood, and all able-bodied men 20 years and older, who could not pay someone to take their place, were subject from 1863 to 1865 to being drafted into the army and sent off to war. Many Irish, particularly those in Vermont, felt that the draft unfairly targeted them. Thus, Patrick, who would have turned 20 in 1865, and therefore been eligible for the draft, may have found that by simply changing his birthdate, he removed the need to register with the authorities. His older brothers James and Charles, as wells as his older cousins Thomas and John all had to register, but only Charles was ordered to serve. However, Charles managed to find, or pay someone else to take his place.
All of the Carty family except for Henry had left Vermont by 1889 for California, following in the footsteps of their Essex neighbors Rufus and Alonzo Buell. Rufus arrived first in 1853, started a very successful dairy business in the late 1850s in Marin County, and later founded a dairy and ranch operation with Alonzo in the southern part of Santa Barbara County. Mary Carty came west when she married Alonzo in 1868 in Monterey County. Next, her brothers Daniel and Charles were in California by 1870, when they may have been working at one of the Buell's dairies, but they could have come earlier, perhaps during the Civil War years. James and Cornelius by 1880 had both arrived in California, then John Henry came in late 1888, and their mother arrived in February of 1889, which left only Henry Patrick in Vermont to continue raising some 25 or so dairy cows on the 200-acre farm that his father had started.
James, Charles, Daniel and Cornelius became involved in dairy and horse trading ventures in both Petaluma and Santa Barbara, probably with some of the Buells. They also ran cattle and used the Diamond "C" (a capital C in the middle of a diamond) to brand their stock. Most likely the Cartys, who had grown up on a small-time dairy farm, learned to handle cattle and horses in the employ of their brother-in-law Rufus Buell. There is some speculation from family stories that the oldest brother James, the "horse trader" who eventually moved to Hawaii, may have been in the business in the early days of supplying horses of questionable origin to ventures his brothers were associated with.
Henry remained a bachelor until he was in his late 30's when he married a neighbor girl, at least 18 years his junior, named Ellen A. Yandeau on Feb. 19, 1889 in Winooski, Vermont. They were probably married in St. Frances Xavier Church, which had recently been built at Winnoski Falls for the French-Canadian Catholics there. Ellen, who had been born Ellen Yandow on November 19, 1868 in Essex, was of French-Canadian ancestry, her parents having both been born in Canada, and emmigrating in the 1850s and 1860s to Essex. Her father much of his life was a farmer, but he was working in 1882/83 in one of the local sawmills in Essex, and later he may have worked in a family grocery store. Yandow is the americanized version of his surname, which was Guindon when his family first came in the 1600s to Quebec from France, and Ellen as a young woman changed her surname to Yandeau.
Henry before his marriage to Ellen had worked for his father on the family farm raising dairy cows, but the family may have acquired some debt, and his father's death in 1887 may have made it more difficult to continue making a living on the farm. Henry's family also had been steadily leaving Vermont for California, and when his mother did the same in Feb of 1889, just a few days after his marriage, he and Ellen were the only ones remaining in Vermont. They arranged to rent out the Carty farm, and soon Henry and Ellen joined the rest of the family in California. They seem to have kept title to the property, but most of the rent on it may have been paid to others. Then when Jerry Noonan, their last renter, died on June 9, 1901 in the middle of his lease, the estate ended up in probate court, and sometime in 1902 it was sold. We do not know if the family benefited at all from the sale.
Sometime between July 1889 and February 1892, Henry and Ellen moved to Santa Barbara, California where he and his brother John Henry eventually formed a partnership called Carty Bros, and ran livery stables. This venture probably started prior to 1893 with Henry acquiring the IXL Stable at 819 State Street, and then bringing in John Henry to join him, first as a hired hand and eventually as a partner. Their brothers Cornelius and Charles, about the same time, ran a competing stable at 532 State Street called the Fashion Stables, and their wealthy brother-in-law Alonzo Buell in 1902 was owner of the Victoria Stables, on Victoria Street between State and Anacapa.
Then Henry Patrick and John Henry about November of 1902 obtained the concession rights to a stable associated with a 600-room luxury hotel that opened in 1903 as the Hotel Milo, but was more popularly known as the Potter Hotel. They ran the concession at first from their IXL Stables, until November of 1904 when they temporally moved operations to the Fashion Stables that their brothers Charles and Cornelius ran. Finally on Dec. 23, 1904 they opened business as the Potter Hotel Stables on the corner of Chapala and Montecito Streets, where the 1910 ad on the right shows that they rented out and worked on horses, carriages and motor cars. The stables were located in back of the hotel, just across the street from a giant Phycus (rubber) tree that still stands. They were in business here until 1911 when James E. Mason acquired the lease for the stables, after which Henry Patrick appears to have retired, and by the time the Potter changed its name in 1920 to the Ambassador Hotel, the Cartys had left Santa Barbara.
Henry and Ellen in 1902 were living in a house in Santa Barbara at 305 Aliso Street, which today corresponds to the north corner of North Alisos and East De Le Guerra Streets. It was located about 5 blocks northwest of where Henry Patrick's sister Mary and her husband Alonzo had a large Victorian mansion at Milpas and Montectio Streets. Then Henry and Ellen on Sept. 19, 1906 moved into a large three-story house at 325 W. De la Guerra Street that they bought from Mr. Woods. Then the U.S. Census of 1920 shows Henry and Ellen in Madera, next door to John Henry Carty and his wife Amelia, where their occupations were listed as "stock raisers". Not long after this Henry and Ellen were in Fontana, about 30 miles east of Los Angeles, where they had a citrus orchard. When Henry died on March 18, 1925, his address was in Hollywood. Although he died in the Los Angeles area, he was buried in Calvary Cemetery in Santa Barbara near his mother, and next to his siblings Charles, Daniel and Mary. Ellen died on October 11, 1943 in Hollywood, and she is buried next to daughter Mamie in Calvary Cemeterey in east Los Angeles. Henry and Ellen had five children who are listed below.
children - CARTY
Daniel Carty (1890-1890) was born on July 16, 1890 in Essex, Vermont, and died on Aug. 16, 1890, just one month later.
Mary Edna (Mamie) Carty (1892-1953) was born on Dec. 11, 1892 in Santa Barbara, California, and married Leon Charles Potter (1889-1942) in Santa Barbara sometime between June 1917, which is his draft registration date, and the 1920 U.S. Census. Leon was born in New York, and he listed his occupation in 1917 and 1920 as an automobile mechanic, whereas Maimie worked as a bookkeeper for the electric company. Leon later lists his occupation as an enginneer, and Mamie from 1928 on calls herself an auditor. Mamie and Leon must have separated or divorced by 1928, as Los Angeles County voter registrations show her living from that point on with her mother Ellen Carty at 6220 De Longpre Street in Hollywood. She continued to live with her mother and worked in the late 1930s as a secretary at the La Brea store of Carty Bros Markets. When Mamie's mother died in 1942, Mamie continued to live in the De Longpre house for a few years until her brother Henry sold the place. Henry then put Mamie up in a hotel in Hollywood called the Knickerbocker, where she lived until her death. She died on Nov. 14, 1953 in Hollywood, and she is buried next to her mother in Calvary Cemetery on Whittier Blvd. in Los Angeles. Interestingly, the birth year of 1893 on her tombstone and in the California Death Index is probably wrong, as it would mean she was born only three months before her brother Henry.
Daniel Arthur Carty (1896-1937) was born as Daniel Carty on Aug. 17, 1896 in Santa Barbara, California, and acquired at some point the middle name of Arthur, which original had been the middle name of his brother Henry. He married Agnes Morning Duffy on July 9, 1924 in Los Angeles County, California. Agnes had been born on Oct. 21, 1898 in Ireland, and came to the U.S. in 1919 from British Columbia, where she had been a nurse during WWI in the Royal Army Medical Corp. Daniel and his brother Henry subsequently co-founded of Carty Bros Markets, which was one of the first supermarket chains in southern California. Daniel died prematurely on May 21, 1937 in Los Angeles from appendicitis, and Agnes died many years later on April 27, 1972 in the same city. Both she and Daniel are buried in Calvary Cemetery in Los Angeles, very close to Daniel's brother Henry. Daniel and Agnes had one son:
Donal Carty (1924-1999) was born on Oct. 31, 1924 in Los Angeles. He married first Sara Ann Smith (1933-2006), by whom he had three sons, but divorced her and married secondly on March 14, 1961 in Los Angeles Dolly Marie Divittorio (1921-1984). His third wife Marguerite survived him when he passed away in Bullhead City, Arizona on Aug. 3, 1999. Donal's first wife Sara Ann married secondly a man named Ogren, with whom she had her fourth son, Darryl L. Ogren who was born on Nov. 24, 1962 in San Diego, California. Her third husband was Randall Price. The three sons of Donal and Sara Ann follow:
Daniel A. Carty was born March 7, 1954 in Los Angeles, California, and married Rena V. Leech. Their daughter Kari Carty was born June 26, 1983. Another daughter Kati Louise Carty was born March 8, 1985, but died the next day. Daniel and Rena are now divorced, and he has remarried.
Michael H. Carty was born July 8, 1956 in Los Angeles, Calif. He is not married.
Patrick Sean Carty was born August 21, 1958 in Los Angeles, California, and married Allison Oliver c.1988. They had two children, Marlena Elizabeth Carty (b. Dec. 19, 1989 in Los Angeles) and Daniel Brooks Carty (b. Sept. 16, 1994 in Ventura), before they divorced c.1996. Patrick has two other children - Donal (b. c.2000), and Michael (b. c.2004), who has since passed away. Patrick died from a heart attack in Merced, California on Jan. 27, 2011.
Alice Helen Carty (1903-1981) was born on May 13, 1903 in California, probably in Santa Barbara; and married a gold miner named Vincenza (Vincent) Zimmerman. They were living in Colton during the 1930 U.S. Census, when Vincent had a small shaft in the desert near Palm Springs that he mined by himself. Vincent, who had been born on Sept. 3, 1896 in California, passed away on Feb. 5, 1977 in San Bernadino County; and Alice died without issue on May 1, 1981 in Riverside County. Both are buried at Montecito Memorial Park in Colton.
Henry James Carty (1894-1955) , the son of Henry Patrick Carty and Ellen Yandeau, was born as Henry Arthur Carty on Feb. 14, 1894 in Santa Barbara, California, but at some point his middle name was changed to James, and it was his younger brother Daniel grew up instead with the middle name of Arthur. Henry as a boy worked in the stables that his father and Uncle John Henry Carty co-owned in Santa Barbara, so he grew up being familiar with horses, and knowing how to care for them. He graduated on June 19, 1913 from Santa Barbara High School, and went on to obtain in 1915 a teaching certificate in Industrial Arts from the State Normal School of Manual Arts at Santa Barbara. He then went to work for Alameda Schools as an assistant superintendant of Manuel Training, which meant he helped oversee the shop classes.
When World War I broke out in 1917, Henry enlisted in the U.S. Army. He was assigned to the Signal Corp, which in the early days of the war oversaw the flight squadrons of the army. He subsequently was sent to San Antonio, Texas to train as a pilot. He was just about to earn his pilot's wings when the war ended, and he was mustered out a few weeks later as a sergeant, without having to go into combat overseas.
Henry returned to Alameda, and again taught high school drafting and shop classes. He also rekindled a relationship that he started before the war with kindergarten teacher Mary Louise (Minnie) Toombs, who lived with her mother in Alameda. Mrs. Toombs ran a small grocery store next to their home, which doubled as boarding house. Henry took a room as one of Mrs. Toombs' boarders, and he and Mary soon married on Feb. 14, 1920 at St. Mary's Church in Oakland. They continued their teacher careers, while Henry helped Mrs. Toombs at the store in his spare time. Henry's parents, who were living now in Los Angeles, asked him for ideas on a career for Henry's younger brother Daniel, and Henry suggested that perhaps he and Daniel might find success as partners in the grocery business. This led to them to take the financial backing of their parents and start a grocery store in 1923 called Carty Bros Market at 6658 Hollywood Blvd. Just a small store at first, their business grew to become a chain of eight grocery stores in Los Angeles and Hollywood. Their Los Angeles store, which was one of the first southern California supermarkets, was quite large with 9,500 feet2 of floor space and an 18,750 feet2 parking lot.
Daniel Carty died suddenly in 1937 of appendicitis, which left Henry in sole control of their business. He expanded the operation to eight stores, some of which changed locations over the years. The locations of these stores from 1932 to 1942 is shown in the table below. Henry in 1949 replaced Ted von der Ahe (of Vons Grocery Company) to become the Chairman of the Board for the Certified Grocers of California, a retailer-owned cooperative of grocery stores that is now known as Unified Grocers. Today this group is the largest such cooperative in the United States. Henry remained the chairman of the board until 1954, when he retired and sold all eight of his Carty Bros supermarkets to Kory's Markets, which was a small chain of stores owned by fellow Certified Grocers board member Art Reicher. Kory's was subsequently acquired in 1973 by another Certified Grocers company known as Boys Markets, which merged in 1994 with Ralphs and Food 4 Less, both of which are modern-day subsidiaries of the number-one U.S. grocery store company Krogers.
Henry died of a heart attack on Oct. 21, 1955 in Los Angeles, California, his daughter-in-law believing that his death resulted from complications related to a bad tooth. He is buried in Los Angeles in Calvary Cemetery with Mary. Nearby are his brother Daniel, his son William, his sister Mamie, and his mother. Henry and Mary had three children, who are listed below.
Helen Janet Carty was born in San Francisco, California on Jan. 13, 1922 and married Robert Harold Muller (b. Feb. 14, 1922) on Jan. 5, 1945 in Hollywood, California. Robert died on Aug. 9, 2006 in Newport Beach, California and is buried in Calvary Cemetery in east Los Angeles in a grave that is presently unmarked. Janet died on May 29, 2016 at her home in Corona del Mar, and she is buried with her husband. Robert and Janet had the following children:
Richard Robert Muller was born March 5, 1947 in Hollywood, California and married Susan. He later divorced Susan and married Lee Ann Penny by whom he has two children. Richard and Lee Ann are now divorced as well.
Kathyrn Alexis Muller (b. Dec. 6, 1986).
Matthew Richard Muller (b. Nov. 2, 1988).
Stephen James Muller was born June 24, 1949 in Hollywood, California and married Diane. They have one child.
Brandon Robert Muller (b. Nov. 30, 1981).
William Harold Muller was born Dec. 20, 1952 in Hollywood, California and was killed on April 13, 1973 in a car accident. Bill is buried in Calvary Cemetery in east Los Angeles, near his father.
Michael Henry Muller was born on Aug. 1, 1955 in Hollywood, California and married Julie Gensler (b. Mar. 22, 1961) on June 11, 1983 southern Califonria. They are now divorced. Mike and Julie have six daughters:
Laura Beth Muller (b. Dec. 18, 1985). Laura married Francisco Burgos and lives in Washington state.
Janet Rachel Muller (b. Aug 13, 1987).
Carrie Ann Muller (b. Jan. 8, 1990).
Christie Elise Muller (b. May 27, 1994).
Jennifer May Muller (b. June 6, 1996).
Elizabeth Jane Muller (b. Jan 6, 2000).
Robert James Carty, Sr. (b. July 26, 1929) who follows:
William Henry Carty was born on Feb. 2, 1932. He died on July 4, 1966 of cancer of the liver and is buried in Calvary Cemetery in east Los Angeles. He married Virginia Francene Williams (b. Oct 26, 1935) on Feb. 4, 1956 in Los Angeles at Our Lady of Good Consul Catholic Church (Vermont and Ambrose), and they had three children:
Paul William Carty (b. Dec. 11, 1956) in Hollywood, California. He married Laura in San Clemente, California. Laura has a daughter Morgan from a previous marriage, and together Paul and Laura have a son Paul Carty, Jr. Paul, Sr. died in California in 2007.
James Christopher Carty (b. Jan. 10, 1963) in Hollywood, California. He married Joanne, with whom he has two daughters.
Shawn Patrick Carty (b. July 13, 1965) in San Fernando Valley, California. He married Heidi Marlene Coon (b. July 19, 1967), with whom he has the three children:
Calista Alexis Carty (b. May. 13, 2004).
Christian Alexander Carty (b. July 13, 2007).
Landon Andrew Carty (b. June 22, 2010).
Robert "Bob" James Carty, Sr. (1929-2014), the son of Henry James Carty and Mary Louise Toombs, was born on July 26, 1929 in Los Angeles, California. He grew up in southern California, where he went to school, and graduated in June 1952 from the University of California at Los Angeles with a B.A. degree in Marketing, and a minor in Horiculture. He married Jean Alice Harris (born April 23, 1931) on June 21, 1952 in Los Angeles at Our Lady of Good Counsel Catholic Church (Vermont and Ambrose), the same church where his younger brother Bill later married Francine Williams. The next day Bob attended his commencement ceremony at UCLA. Also, both he and Jean signed up for military service at about the same time as his commencement. He started active service during the Korean War on Dec. 22, 1952 as an Ensign in the Supply Corp. of the U.S. Navy, and continued until Dec. 21, 1955, when he transferred to the Naval Reserve. Then Bob and Bill for the next few years shared a business building apartments on spec in Southern California, before Bob moved in 1963 to Suisun Valley in Solano County, California. There he bought a fruit orchard, and replanted it as a vineyard named Bella Vista Ranch, which he ran for the next fifty years.
Although Bob was not the first to grow wine grapes in Suisun Valley, he started his vineyard in 1964 at a time when nearly all of the neighboring farms grew pears, apricots, peaches, prunes and plums. But when the California wine industry in the 1970s began a period of tremendous growth, Bob was one of the first to profit from that expansion. Meanwhile, he became an active member of farming community, serving as president in 1978-79 of the Solano County Farm Bureau, and staying on for many years on their Board of Directors. He later received their 1997 Heritage Award for his service. He also held from 1978 to 2011 various offices, and was on the Board of Directors for the Suisun Valley Fruit Growers Association, receiving their 2011 Award of Appreciation for his 33 years service on the Board. He and Jean when their children were young also served as youth mentors for 4-H Club, a youth organization that emphasises farm-related activities, as well as sewing and other skills.
Bob, In addition to his agriculture-related activities, started in 1981 as an alternate member of LAFCO (Local Agency Formation Commission), which is a subcommitte of the Solano County Planning Commission. He later became a full voting member of LAFCO, and retired from it in 1996 after casting the swing vote on a measure approving the controversial Rancho Solano subdivision development in Fairfield, California. Additionally, he helped in 1981 to found Suisun Valley Bank, serving on their Board of Directors, and as their first and last Chairman of the Board, until about 1991 when they agreed to sell to Napa Valley Bank.
Bob, in later years, turned over much of the day-to-day operations at Bella Vista Ranch to his son Robert Carty, Jr. (Bud), but he remained active, continuing to do some of the tractor work, and overseeing the business side of the vineyard. Jean died on Jan. 10, 2011 at the ranch after a long illess, and Bob died there on Easter morning, April 20, 2014, due to complications from a defective heart valve replacement from the previous October. Both are buried nearby in Rockville Cemetery, where they share a large, black granite memorial.
children - CARTY
Thomas Alan Carty was born on March 25, 1953 in the Staten Island Hospital in New York. He married Kimberly Ann Evans (b. July 17, 1953) on July 28, 1979 in Oakland, California. They have the following children (all born in Sacramento, California):
Meredith Helena Carty was born Sept. 28, 1982 in Sacramento County, Califonria. She married Brian Christopher Tilton (b. Dec. 30, 1981) on Aug. 8, 2008, probably in Sacramento, California. They are now divorced. They have two childrem - Dylan Rose Tilton (b. July 31, 2004) and Crosbie James Tilton (b. July 12, 2010). Meredith married her second husband Evan Sutherland on July 30, 2016 in __________________.
Thomas Chadwick "Chad" Carty was born July 7, 1984 in Sacramento County, California. He married Hayley Elizabeth McEachen on __________ 2011 in Ventura County. They have two daughters Gwyneth Gail Carty (b. Oct. 10, 2012); and Colette Marion Carty (b. April 15, 2015). Both born in Santa Barbara, California.
Evan Alexander Carty (b. Aug. 6, 1988).
Garrett Alan Carty (b. Sept. 26, 1991).
Kenneth James Carty was born in Coronado, California on Dec. 10, 1954 and married Coralie Elise Bouchard (b. Dec. 1, 1959) on Sept. 8, 1979 in Fairfield, California. They have the following children (all born in Fairfield, California):
Kaila Alexandra Carty (b. Aug. 23, 1987). She married Daniel Whitney Tenedorio (b. Jan. 12, 1986) on June 30, 2018 in Petaluma, California.
Cameron Ian Carty (b. Aug. 31, 1992).
Robert "Bud" James Carty, Jr. was born on Jan. 30, 1956 in Cedars of Lebanon Hospital in Hollywood, California and married Jeanie Hill (b. Oct. 31, 1953) on Sept. 10, 1983 aboard the Sitmar cruise ship "Fair Seas" in San Francisco Harbor. Bud and Jeanie are now divorced. They have the following children:
Jade Landon Carty (b. Nov. 3, 1990 in Fairfield, California). He married Nicole Lynn Hannum (b. Feb. 21, 1991) on Aug. 4, 2012 in Napa, California. They have three children - Mia Lynn Carty, born Dec. 19, 2008 in Napa; Kassidy Jean Carty, born Nov. 21, 2013 in Napa; and Landon Michael Carty, born Aug. 6, 2018 in Vallejo, California.
Bron Justin Carty (b. Feb. 4, 1995 in Napa, California).
Jane Alice Carty (twin of Janet) was born on Dec. 31, 1956 at 5:02 P.M. (Janet was born at 4:57 P.M.) in Hollywood Presbyterian Hospital in Hollywood, California. She married Donald Albert Klotz on July 4, 1980 at Holy Spirit Catholic Church in Fairfield, California. Don was born on Nov. 28, 1954 in Vacaville, California. They have the following children:
Andrew James Klotz was born on Nov. 10, 1987 in Vallejo, California. He married Caroline Eddy on July 23, 2016 in Seattle, Washington. Caroline was born on Feb. 5, 1988 in Sheboygan, Wisconsin.
Sara Elizabeth Klotz was born on June 23, 1990 in Vallejo, California.
Janet Louise Carty, the daughter of Robert James Carty and Jean Alice Harris, was born on Dec. 31, 1956 in Hollywood Presbyterian Hospital in Hollywood, California and married Michael Sidney Clark (b. Aug. 5, 1953), a geologist, on Aug. 31, 1980 at Holy Spirit Catholic Church in Fairfield.
children - CLARK
Jennifer Louise Clark was born on Feb. 6, 1982 at Lutheran Hospital in Wheatridge, Colorado. Jennifer married Curtis Humphrey (b. Aug. 10, 1980) on Aug. 16, 2003 in Bakersfield, Calif. They have three sons.
Zachary Michael Humphrey was born Sept. 9, 2007 in Nashville, Tennesse.
Daniel Glenn Humphrey was born Nov. 18, 2009 in Huntsville, Alabama.
Eli James Humphrey was born Sept. 22, 2011 in Huntsville, Alabama.
William Sidney Clark was born on Oct. 16, 1985 at Lutheran Hospital in Wheatridge, Colorado.
The documentation for many of the dates and places listed in this history are found in the Ancestry.com online databases (subscription required).
Butler, L.C. (1866), The Memorial Record of Essex, Vermont, Published by vote of the Town, R.S. Styles Book and Job Printer, Burlington, Vermont, 61 p. A listing of the men of Essex, Vermont who served in the Civil War, and a memorial to those who died in the conflict.
Photographs, and Santa Barbara City Directories housed at the Gledhill Library (Santa Barbara Historical Museum), and the Sahyun Library (Santa Barbara County Genealogical Society) in downtown Santa Barbara.
Recollections of Robert Henry Carty.
Tombstone Transcriptions and Cemetery Records for the Calvary Cemetery, Santa Barbara, CA; Ivy Lawn Cemetery, Ventura, CA; St. Joseph Cemetery, Burlington, VT; and others.
US Census Records, 1830-1930 and Vermont Vital Records, which are online databases available on Ancestry.com, and Familysearch.org, as well as the California Birth, Marriage and Death Indexes, and the Social Security Death Index on the same websites.
Vermont French-Canadian Genealogical Society, 2005, Marriages of St. Mary Cathedral, Burlington, Vermont, 1830-1930, 792 p. (available at their website at www.vt-fcgs.org)
Vermont French-Canadian Genealogical Society, 2006, Baptisms of St. Mary Cathedral, Burlington, Vermont, 1830-1858, 607 p. (available at their website at www.vt-fcgs.org)
Vermont French-Canadian Genealogical Society, 2009, Baptisms of St. Mary Cathedral, Burlington, Vermont, Baptisms 1858-1936, 664 p. (available at their website at www.vt-fcgs.org)
Origin of the Carty surname, arms and tartan
(click to enlarge).
The names Carty, McCarty and McCarthy originate from King Cárthaigh (d. 1045), who was one of the last members of the Eóganacht dynasty that ruled the Irish Kingdom of Munster from the 5th to 10th centuries. When a lesser king named Brian Boru (c.937-1014) in 977 wrested the crown of Munster from the Eóganachts, he founded the Ó Briain (O'Brien) dynasty, which ruled parts of Munster for the next 500 years. King Brian also subjegated the Kingdoms of Leinster, Ulster and Connacht to become the High King of Ireland, until he was killed fighting the Norse (Viking) overlords of Dublin at the Battle of Clontarf. Despite the ascendancy of the O'Briens, Cárthaigh's family kept control of Cashel, a land in east Munster that corresponds today to County Tipperary. Cárthaigh perished in 1045 in a house fire set by his enemies, afterwhich he was succeeded by his son Muireadhach Mac Cárthaigh, whose name literally means "Muireadhach, son of Cárthaigh". When Muireadhach died in 1092, he was succeeded by his sons Tadhg (d. 1123) and Cormac (d. 1138), both of whom took Mac Cárthaigh (McCarthy) as their surname.
Cashel, and specifically a castle there called the "Rock of Cashel", is the historic seat of the Kings of Munster. This put Cárthaigh's family, as rulers of Cashel, in conflict with the O'Brien rulers of Munster. Their conflict continued until 1118 when the Treaty of Glanmire divided Munster into two kingdoms - Ormond, from Tuadh-Mhumhain, which means "North Munster"; and Desmond, from Deas-Mhumhain, which means "South Munster". The O'Briens received Ormond, and Cárthaigh's grandson Tadhg Mac Cárthaigh became King of Desmond. The McCarthy dynasty that Tadhg, and his brother and successor Cormac founded, went on to rule Desmond for almost 500 more years. Their rule finally ended in 1596 when the death of the last king led to the eventual partitioning of the kingdom into Counties Cork and Kerry. Today the arms and tartan of the McCarthy clan, and those commonly adopted by by families bearing the Carty and McCarty surnames, are those once worn by the McCarthy kings of Desmond.
Economist William Petty's 1659 census of Ireland, which was published in 1939 by Séamus Pender, is actually a list of Irish households taxed by the British in the final years of Oliver Cromwell's reign. Although it shows variations of the Cárthaigh surname spread across Cork, Limerick and Clare counties in central Munster, the name was probably also very common in County Galway, which was not included in Pender's Census. The surname likely developed when many Irish families with roots in South Munster identified themselves in the British tax lists as Ó Cárthaigh, which translates as a "descendant of Cárthaigh". Many subsequently dropped the Ó prefix, and anglicised Cárthaigh to Carty. It has been suggested that some proud Irish immigrants to America and/or their descendants may have later changed Carty to McCarty in the mistaken belief that they were restoring their name back to its original Irish form. And then there were other Irish-Americans who changed their name from Carty to Carter or Cartier to hide the fact that they were Irish.
Maps of the Ancient Kingdoms, Modern Provinces, and Counties of Ireland (click to enlarge).
Celtic Haplogroups of Ireland
Haplogroups, and the haplotypes they contain, are genetic variations that genealogists use to characterize and identify groups of people who share a common ancestor. Several haplogroups are found in the Irish homeland that the Carty family comes from. Because the terminology gets a bit confusing, we offer a "Short Introduction to Haplotypes" in Appendix 2.
Below is an example of five Irish haplogroups that are documented in the "McCarthy Surname Project" on the "Family Tree DNA website" (McCarthy, 2018). Also shown are the SNPs (i.e., genetic mutations) that identify the defining haplotype of each haplogroup. Most importantly, these haplogroups characterize groups of people living in specific geographic regions of Ireland, from ancient times right up to the modern era. This means that modern members of each haplogroup, irregardless of where they live today, probably share a common ancestry originating in the region that correlates to their haplogroup. Some of the families belonging to these haplogroups bear the Carty surname, or one of its variations.
Irish Type I (NW Ireand): Defining SNP = M222
Irish Type II (S Ireland): Defining SNP = CTS4466
Irish Type III (SW Ireland): Defining SNP = L226
Irish Sea (Leinster): Defining SNP = Z255
Munster I: Defining SNP = L362
Members of the above haplogroups share a common ancestor who lived in northwestern Europe around 13,000 years ago. His Y-DNA contained the "Western Atlantic Modal Haplotype (WAMH)" that is characterized by SNP M269, and it is found in most men of northwestern European ancestry. This WAMH ancestor passed on his M269 mutation (along with the WAM Haplotype) to his male descendants, one of whom, thousands of years later during the mid- to late-Bronze Age, developed the L21 mutation that characterizes the so-called "Super Western Atlantic Modal Haplotype (SWAMH)". SNP L21 is associated with the ancient Celts who populated the British Iles, and the Britanny region of France. The Irish DNA map and Y-DNA genetic tree shown below illustrate some of these concepts (click each for a more detailed view).
Map and Tree for various Irish Y-DNA Haplogroups (click to enlarge).
Genetic Genealogy of the Carty Surname
Because the Carty surname and its variations are named after King Cárthaigh of Cashel, he is an eponym. Cárthaigh is also believed to have been a member of the L21 haplogroup, and to have carried the SNP ZS4606 genetic mutation, which is downstream of L21, and was passed on, from father to son, to Cárthaigh's direct male descendants (McCarthy, 2018). Therefore descendants of Cárthaigh in the paternal line should also carry the ZS4606 mutation, and/or any mutations of it, such as the closest-known downstream mutations SNP A5813 and SNP ZS4598. However, only about one in three McCarthys actually test positive for ZS4606, or its mutations (McCarthy, 2018). This indicates that most McCarthys do not descend in the male line from Cárthaigh, or any other of the McCarthy kings of Desmond. Even fewer of those with the Carty/McCarty surname have been found to descend in the male line from the eponymous Cárthaigh. However, descent in the female line is still possible, albeit much more difficult to document.
James Carty of Essex, Vermont and his male descendants belong to the Irish Sea (Leinster) haplogroup. This means they do not carry the ZS4606 mutation of Clan McCarthy, nor do they carry any of its downstream derivatives. Instead they carry either the SNP Z255 mutation, and/or its downstream derivative SNP L159.2. The Z255 and L159.2 mutations are widespread among Irish families that have lived for generations in Counties Kilkenny and Wexford in the Province of Leinster, and they are thought to have originated 1,500 to 2,000 years ago in the Medieval Viking settlement of Wexford that in 1169 became part of the Kingdom of Leinster. Because the ZS4606 marker of Clan McCarthy dates to the lifetime of King Cárthaigh (d. 1045), it is about 1,000 years old, which means the Irish Sea Haplotype mutations evolved long before King Cárthaigh was even born.
The Irish Sea Haplotype is thought to indicate descent from the same family as the chieftans, and later Kings of Leinster, who in 1169 came to rule Wexford. Irregardless of whether or not this is true, the Irish Sea (Leinster) and the Clan McCarthy Haplogroups (Munster) have different origins. The Carty surname in modern times is very common in County Wexford. Also the Irish Sea Haplotype (Z255) is well represented among Carty and McCarthy families of south Ireland (McCarthy, 2018, see R-L21 Groups E1 & E2). It is generally believed that the Wexford surname was originally Ó Cárthaigh, and that like the McCarthy surname it derives from the eponymous King Cárthaigh. Yet because the Wexford Cartys belong to the Irish Sea Haplogroup, and not the McCarthy Haplogroup, they are clearly a genetically separate sept (subclan) that probably descends in the male line from the ancient chiefs of Leinster. However, it is certainly possible that they also descend from a forgotten princess of Clan MacCárthaigh of Munster, and that it is from this unknown female ancestor that the O'Carty/Carty surname of Wexford derives.
The Carty surname is also very common in Counties Roscommon and Sligo in the northern Irish province (former kingdom) of Connacht. However, many of these Cartys belong to the Irish Type I (M222) Haplogroup that is characteristic of the Connacht Province (McCarthy, 2018). It is generally thought that these Cartys are a sept of the O'Rourke Clan, with an entirely separate origin from either the McCarthys/MacCarthys of Munster, or the Cartys of County Wexford in Leinster. Ua Carty is thought to be the original form of the surname for the Connacht branch of the family. The Ua prefix more or less means a "descendant of", similar to the meaning of the Ó prefix, which may be a different dialect of south Ireland. Ua Carty in time was probably simplified to O'Carty, and many families later anglicized their last name during British rule of the 17th through 19th centuries by dropping the O' to come up with Carty.
Maps showing distribution of the Carty surname during different periods of British rule (click to enlarge).
Origin of the Neal Surname
James Carty married Lizzie Neal, and as already mentioned, her maiden name in its original Irish form was probably O'Neill. This name comes from King Niall Glúndub (d. 919) of Ailech, who ruled a part of northern Ireland that coresponds today to parts of Counties Donegal, Londonderry and Tyrone. Niall went on to found the O'Neill dynasty in 916 when he became High King of Ireland, but his rule was cut short when he was killed fighting the Vikings. His son Muirchertach (d. 943) was another king of Ailech, and he attached to his name the suffix Mac Néill, which means "son of Niall". Then Niall's grandson Domnall (d. 980), like Niall a High King, attached to his name Ua Néill, which translates to a "descendant of Neill". Other descendants may have used Ó Néill, which has the same meaning. These became the surnames for many of the subsequent kings of Ailech, as well as others claiming descent from Niall. It evolved further when some dropped the Ua/Ó and anglicized Neill to Neal.